Categories
American History

What sustained them in face of adversity?

In Module 1, we explored the explorers, beginning with the many tribes that crossed the Bering land bridge some 17,000 years ago to the daring European sailors who fearlessly sailed searching adventure, to the first batch of colonial settlers who landed in Jamestown in May of 1607. Based on what we learned, reflect on the following questions. Try to shoot for about 1 page (double-spaced) for your response. Please upload the document either as a .docx or .pdf file when it is completed.
By the early 1600s, life was filled with risk, challenge, and reward. How and why was this the case? What motivated the native tribes of Mesoamerica (and beyond) during their time on earth? What sustained them in face of adversity? How did they respond to the arrival of Europeans differently, depending upon where they lived and the circumstances of the arrival of European explorers and settlers on their doorstep?
For Europeans and the early settlers who joined the migration to America, what motivated them to leave the safety and comfort of their lives and set out to explore and settle a new, scary, and unforgiving world? What common vision did they share? Conversely, in what ways – depending upon when they traveled, why, where they came from, and where they landed – did their ideas and beliefs differ? Do you believe it was inevitable that the worlds of the Americas and Europe would collide violently and ultimately spell doom for the first Americans? How might history have looked different had the indigenous populations of south, central, and north America not have succumbed to disease?
Today we heard the stories of both explorers and the indigenous leaders they encountered here in America. Which story did you find the most interesting and why? What question would you have asked if your person was here among us today? Why would you ask this question of them?

Categories
American History

Amy kaplan, “black and blue on san juan hill” – this is one american studies scholar’s interpretation.

Amy Kaplan, “Black and Blue on San Juan Hill” – This is one American Studies scholar’s interpretation. Read the article, and also take note of the sources she uses

Categories
American History

C) courts / judicial – since washington d.c. is not a part of any state, residents there may not vote in presidential elections.

Using the Constitution – including amendments – identify why each of the below scenarios is unconstitutional. Be sure to cite the article, section, and clause of the Constitution that makes the action unconstitutional and include a 1-2 sentence description of how this part of the Constitution makes the action unconstitutional.
Link to the Constitution: Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution.pdf
1. A) President / Executive – A serious economic crisis takes place in the U.S. Due to this emergency, the President decides to run for a third term.
B) Congress / Legislative – Congress passes a law taxing 10% on lumber being exported.
C) Courts / Judicial – The Supreme Court rules that the government may not issue patents because of the need for technological advance.
2. A) President / Executive – The President declares war on China.
B) Congress / Legislative – Congress passes a law that people from Washington may not drive cars in Oregon because of pollution.
C) Courts / Judicial – Since Washington D.C. is not a part of any state, residents there may not vote in presidential elections.
3. A) President / Executive – The President his son-in-law to Senator Schumer’s seat when he resigns due to a personal scandal.
B) Congress / Legislative – The House of Representatives impeaches President Trump because he issues a series of pardons that the members of the House believe have corrupt reasons.
Courts / Judicial – The Court rules that because of our large national debt, the U.S. can no longer borrow money.
4. President / Executive – To fight terrorism, the President issues an executive order that anyone found guilty of hijacking will be punished by having his or her fingernails ripped off.
B) Congress / Legislative – Congress passes a law making electronic vapes illegal and fining any store that sold them over the past 5 years liable for thousands of dollars in fines depending on how much they have sold.
C) Courts / Judicial – The Court decides rules that no government official will take an oath of office in order to keep religion out of the nation’s politics.
5. A) President / Executive – The President orders that a mass murderer be sent back to Washington from Oregon.
B) Congress / Legislative- A House member dies and the House declares a four-day recess to mourn. The Senate orders the House to only take two days off so that legislation can be passed before the next recess.
C) Courts / Judicial – The Court rules that the heads of executive departments may no longer make appointments of inferior officers, but rather that the President must make such appointments himself.

Categories
American History

• include whether you agree or disagree with the author’s thesis and tell why.

Critical Review Essay Instructions:
Find a Primary Source (first-hand, original work) from U.S. History, 1492 to 1865 (i.e., NOT on foreign history, a secondary source, a children’s work, fiction, textbook, novel, etc.), from the internet or book of primary sources. (A great UMO Library Guide is: https://moc.libguides.com/hist as well as: https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets) A book written by Barack Obama is a Primary Source. A book written by someone else on the life of Barak Obama is a Secondary Source. Examples include, but are not limited to: Jonathan Edwards’ “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” or George Washington’s “Farewell Address” or The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments” or Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address,” Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” Ronald Reagan at the Berlin Wall, etc. etc. Write a Critical Essay making sure you include the following:
• Your Critical Review Essay should be 2-4 typed pages, double-spaced, with one-inch margins
• Do not include a separate title page.
• Do include an introduction naming the author, title of the work, background & historical context
• Identify the author’s theme/thesis and provide at least three examples of how he/she supported that thesis
• Include whether you agree or disagree with the author’s thesis and tell why.
• Summarize the work and include the work’s strengths and weaknesses
• Include the essay’s overall contribution to history.
• Use the Chicago Style of documentation and never use MLA or APA

Categories
American History

Gonzales, alicia, us trade balance under foreign pressure (new york, ny: young publishers, 2020)

write a thoughtful paper, plus an additional page for your sources
Your paper should
present the pros and cons of the controversial issue, and a conclusion reflecting your position and why you are taking that position. You should use the MLA-style citation.
Proposition 1: The FBI Search of Mar-a-Lago Was a Violation of Trump’s Fourth Amendment Right.
Your paper must have a title, and it should be exactly word-for-word as one of the two titles above.
For example, if you choose to write on the first item, you must write on top of the first page of your paper: Proposition 1: The FBI Search of Mar-a-Lago Was a Violation of Trump’s Fourth Amendment Right. And the rest of your paper must speak directly to this title.
Your paper should include:
1. An Introduction.
Your introduction must include your purpose in the Paper. After a few brief general remarks, tell your reader specifically what the goal of your paper is. Your goal should revolve around your title, and it should be word-for-word as the following example: My goal is to weigh the pros and cons for the proposition that the FBI Search of Mar-a-Lago Was a Violation of Trump’s Fourth Amendment Right; after which I will state where I ultimately stand, and why. This section is important so that your reader knows exactly what he or she should be looking for in the body of your paper. If you do not include this section, your paper is meaningless. I repeat: State what you want to do in the paper upfront and do so with the exact example I have helped you with highlighted above. Then hit the points one after the other coherently.
Body of the Paper:
Here you will go about fulfilling what you indicated in the introduction that you wanted to do in the paper. This is the chance for you to marshal convincing evidence showing the possible arguments on both sides of the proposition. Watch your spellings and grammar. Avoid convoluted sentences; and remember that a sentence must have a subject and a verb to be a valid sentence. Your grammar and language structure will affect your score.
3. A Conclusion
In your conclusion, summarize your arguments for and your arguments against, then tell us where you stand after all is said and done. You may include other related thoughts
4. Citation
Use the MLA-style citation.*
Your “Works Cited” page (the last page of the writing which does not count) should include as many sources as you want but must include at least:
a. One non-electronic book
b. One non-electronic magazine or newspaper
c. Use a 12-point font of Calibri
Do not ignore the above information.
The last page of the paper should be labelled WORKS CITED. When you quote or make a reference to a book in the body of your paper, simply write the last name of the author and the page number from which you drew the quote or reference.
Example:
Suppose you read a book authored by Alicia Gonzales US Trade Balance under Foreign Pressure (New York, NY: Young Publishers, 2020) and somewhere in the book, say, page 30, you came across this passage:
The importance of Sino-American trade cannot be overemphasized. Because China is a fast-growing economy and may overtake the American economy in a few short years, American policy makers and businesses must double down on research and development to give United States enterprises a competitive advantage over their Chinese counterparts.
If you quote or paraphrase this passage in part or in whole in the body of your paper, you should simply place the last name of the author and the page in the body of the paper next to your quote in parenthesis just like this: (Gonzales 30). Then go to the last page of the paper under WORKS CITED, and write:
Gonzales, Alicia, US Trade Balance under Foreign Pressure (New York, NY: Young Publishers, 2020)

Categories
American History

What impact did inventions play in the new industrial revolution.

At least 1200 words per question that address the following:
Answer each question fully and you can use some outside sources, but the textbook should be used to answer the majority of the following questions.
Question 1. Describe the importance of the emergence of the market economy. What impact did inventions play in the new industrial revolution. How did this change American life forever.
Question 2. Discuss the Jacksonian period. What good and bad impacts did Andrew Jackson have on America during his presidency.
You can use the textbook and outside sources however do not use many quotes i want your original ideas.

Categories
American History

Read through them enough to get the main idea, and to get a few specific examples that demonstrate your main argument):

This is the first critical thinking assignment that require you to connect class concepts to current events. You will be provided with relevant news articles and/or think tank reports and be required to answer a series of questions based on what we’ve covered in class. Your objective with these assignments is to show how those concepts appear in the articles and/or reports, research at least one reliable outside source (other than those linked below) that provides evidence for your main point, and demonstrate your deeper understanding of those concepts in order to inform your understanding of current events.
This assignment should be no less than 1 page but no more than 2 pages. The prompt is included below, and please read it carefully before you begin. A grading rubric is posted under the Files tab.

Did federalism have a positive impact on the COVID-19 response?
You should critically analyze this question through a series of examples. This is an opinion paper, but it must use reliable information such as lectures, class readings, and the external sources below to back-up your arguments.
Your assignment should include a clear answer to the question (a yes or no statement), a quick explanation of the opposing viewpoint, and a critical analysis expanding on your main argument using relevant examples. You don’t need to write a long introduction about the definition of federalism or the role of federalism in the American system– just give a quick definition and jump right into analyzing the questions. A grading rubric is attached.
External readings (**note: you do NOT have to read these in detail. Read through them enough to get the main idea, and to get a few specific examples that demonstrate your main argument):
NY Post: NY, Calif. failed in handling of COVID — but Florida was among best: study (Links to an external site.)
(Links to an external site.)Bloomberg: California Versus Florida, a Covid Reckoning (Links to an external site.)
Politico: Covid’s deadly trade-offs, by the numbers: How each state has fared in the pandemic (Links to an external site.)
Ballotpedia: State-level mask requirements in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, 2020-2022 (Links to an external site.)
Use the following questions to guide your assignment (you are not required to answer all of them, but you should address these themes; a solid paper would answer 3-4):
What is my answer to the main question?
What does the opposing viewpoint believe?
How did federal and state responses to COVID-19 differ?
How did individual state responses to COVID-19 differ?
How effective was the federal government in its response to COVID-19?
How effective were state governments in their responses to COVID-19?
How could responses to COVID-19 have been different without federalism? Would this have resulted in better or worse outcomes?
Should the president or governors have more authority to make decisions on response measures to public health crises?
A majority of this assignment should be in your own words and should provide your critical analysis of these questions and their implications. There are no right or wrong answers, so you should focus on developing a thoughtful argument. The sources that you use are meant to supplement and support your arguments; the paper should not simply be an explanation of others’ views.
This is NOT intended to be a partisanship assignment, and your goal should not be to disparage the opposing political party. Your explanation of the opposing side should be as accurate and truthful as the rest of your assignment. While you can certainly note the differences in choices made by Republican vs. Democratic governors, the goal of the assignment is not to pit the two against each other– it is to analyze the differences in federal vs. state responses to COVID-19. Failure to abide by this standard will result in point deductions.
Note: Your outside source should be a reliable source. These typically include any links that end in .org, .edu, or .gov, or may include articles published in major national newspapers or sources like the New York Times or the Wall Street Journal.
Note #2: Any ideas that are not your own need to be properly cited in order to give credit to the original author. This is a 1-minute video (Links to an external site.) explaining what needs to be cited and what does not, and more resources on citation and

Categories
American History

You must select 1 cartoon from the on-line sources listed below.

Essay 3: American Imperialism
AMH
Calvo
Module 2 showcases American imperialism at the turn of the century. American intervention in the developing world attracted both supporters and detractors. Many Americans favored overseas expansion for the purpose of exporting American culture and maximizing business opportunities. Other Americans, especially those in the American Anti-Imperialist League, fought against what they considered were the imperial endeavors of a business and political elite. The tensions in the debate over America’s role in world affairs were captured by popular cartoonists of the period.
For this essay, students will write a thesis-driven essay explaining one motivation behind American imperialism as well as discuss the significance of 1 political cartoon.
There are two related tasks that students will complete. It’s important for students to follow the organizational instructions carefully.
First, students will need to become familiar with the module readings. The Kruger and Jacobson articles will help students identify some of the motivations that historians have attributed to turn-of-the-century imperialism. The Kruger article especially discusses the broader interpretations that historians have assigned to better understand why Western nations engaged in imperialist endeavors—the economic, social, political, cultural, etc. Students will select one of the interpretations—economic, social, political, cultural, etc—to account for American imperialism in places like Cuba, China, Hawaii, the Philippines, etc. The Beveridge reading is a primary source that discusses how contemporaries understood American imperialism. Also, the Aguinaldo article offers a critical contemporary review of American intentions in the Philippines.
In the first section of the essay (the first couple of pages), students will pick one of the historical interpretations to answer the following questions:
Why did Americans engage in imperialism (1890-1914)?
What pushed Americans to drop traditional isolationism and engage a more interventionist, imperialist foreign policy?
The essay must begin with a formal introduction that presents a thesis statement. In this case, the thesis will answer what you consider was the primary factor that motivated American imperialism. The thesis statement can be one or two sentences. It must make absolutely clear what the argument of the essay is. The argument is essentially your answer to the above questions.
After the introduction, the next 2-3 body paragraphs will discuss actual, factual historical evidence that proves your argument. The argument should be at the very center of the discussion in the body paragraphs, accompanied by relevant examples/evidence to prove your argument. You must have evidence to prove your argument. The essay should not be a series of claims or a general discussion of the history of imperialism. You must convince the reader (me) that the factor identified and illustrated with evidence offers the most accurate explanation for why Americans engaged in imperialism.
Second, the last half of the essay will identify a cartoon that comports with your thesis. In other words, once you have discussed the factor that led to American imperialism (the argument in the first part of the essay), then discuss the contents/message of a cartoon that helps illustrate why your interpretation is in fact valid. You must select 1 cartoon from the on-line sources listed below. The cartoon must have an obvious connection to your argument that explains the reasoning/justification/interpretation of why Americans engaged in imperialism. The analysis/discussion of the cartoon, in relation to the earlier thesis, fills the remaining 2-3 paragraphs.
The cartoon must align, in a very obvious way, with the argument presented in the first part of the essay.
The cartoon must come from the period 1890-1914.
You should consider the following topics in the second part of your essay:
-How does the cartoon validate/justify/illustrate why your interpretation of American imperialism is historically accurate?
-place the cartoon in the proper historical context. That is, discuss what events are going on in American foreign policy that prompted the cartoonists to complete their work. Background information should not dominate your essay, but you should show that you are informed with the historical events that led to the cartoon.
-identify and explain the perspective(s) of the cartoonist. Is the cartoonist drawing a cartoon in favor of or against imperialism? What is the message the cartoonist is attempting to convey?
-who was the artist?
-where was the cartoon published?
-why was the cartoon drawn?
Use the following resources to identify your cartoon
https://hti.osu.edu/opper/lesson-plans/american-imperialism (Links to an external site.)
https://www.archives.gov/files/legislative/resources/education/america-and-the-world/ebook.pdf (Links to an external site.)
https://cartoons.osu.edu/ (Links to an external site.)
http://www.yourhistorysite.com/PDFs%202009/Imperialism/Political%20Cartoons%20Imperialism.pdf (Links to an external site.)
https://courses.lumenlearning.com/atd-sanjac-ushistory2/chapter/1898-2/ (Links to an external site.)
This pinterest site has 100s of images. This may be a good site to begin exploring.
https://www.pinterest.com/iamjohnnycinco/imperialism-political-cartoons/ (Links to an external site.)
Writing Standards
The essay will be 3-4 pages long (approximately 1200 words.
Standard margins.
12 point times new roman font.
In-text parenthetical citations. For example: (Foner, 3), or (Johnson, 25).
The essay needs to reference/cite at least 3 sources from the list of required resources (readings/videos). If the essay does not reference at least 3 sources, the grade will be penalized. The reference to the cartoon does not count toward the 3 source minimum.
All essays need to be submitted to turn-it-in, through canvas. I will not grade the essay if it’s not submitted to turn-it-in.
Proofread the essay. If I can’t understand the writing, the grade will be penalized.
The rubric is posted on the course portal.
Every essay needs a formal works cited page. Remember to cite each individual source. MLA format for works cited page.
There is no need to consult outside sources. All of the information needed to complete this essay is found in the module. Students must reference the Johnson text.
Structure of Essay
-Every essay should have a formal introduction (paragraph 1). The purpose of the introduction for this essay is to identify the thesis about the motivations behind American imperialism and a couple of sentences on the cartoon, as well as to set up a little of the historical context.
-After the introduction, the essay should spend a couple of pages discussing the argument (the first task). Identify the factor that you think was the leading cause of American imperialism and then explain why. You must reference actual historical evidence to prove your argument. Specific pieces of historical information that validate your argument as to what led Americans to engage in imperialism must be incorporated in your writing. Without evidence you have no argument.
-When addressing the second task, students must clearly identify the cartoon and then discuss why the cartoon helps illustrate your argument about the motivations that contributed to American imperialism. Use the cartoon as a piece of evidence to drive home your point. This task should be complete in the final couple of body paragraphs.
-Each essay should contain a short, formal conclusion (final paragraph) that restates the central themes discussed in the body paragraphs, offers broader conclusions about American history, or even tries to connect the paper to contemporary events.
If the essay fails to meet the above requirements the grade will be penalized.
Remember, your essay needs to write about events that took place between 1890-1914.
Do not include information about American foreign policy before or after this period.
You will not be given credit for information that takes the discussion outside of this period.
In previous semesters, for reasons I do not understand, this assignment has prompted students to discuss the Guano Islands and the Cold War. These are outside of the time range and should not be included.
Due: September 18, 11:59 pm
After completing these tasks and objectives, students will be able to:
Course Objective 1 (CO1). Assess key events, central themes, and questions pertaining to recent United States history.
Gain experience reading and analyzing written arguments by engaging with a variety of types of sources.
Learn and apply the techniques of writing an argumentative, thesis-driven and evidence-based paper
Students will construct an evidence-based argument demonstrating how local, regional, national, and global events shaped the interactions of two or more groups in the United States. (Global Awareness)
Students will construct an evidence-based argument that integrates multiple perspectives on an issue in Modern US History. (Global Perspective)
Students will consider different perspectives on a problem or controversy related to Modern US History and attempt to reach a resolution about it. (Global Engagement)

Categories
American History

What is madison’s solution for such mischief?

Briefly describe what James Madison means by “mischiefs of faction” in Federalist 10. What is Madison’s solution for such mischief? How does Madison’s argument help us understand the federal government’s structure under the Constitution? In what ways does that structure differ from how the government was organized under the Articles of Confederation? Which structure – the Constitution or the Articles – provides a better solution to the “mischiefs of faction?” Why?

Categories
American History

Thesis expresses an opinion

Thesis expresses an opinion
supported by evidence.
Ideas expressed in discussion
posts include original
thought, substantial depth,
and are relevant to the
history described in the
lectures and readings.
Viewpoint shows strong
logical thinking, reasoning,
and analysis with evidence
and examples. Construction
of new meaning and insights
are evident.
Strong, direct connections
are made to course materials
(lectures, media, resources,
etc.) and are clearly stated.
Discussion posts are well
written and clearly
articulated using standard
English, characterized by
elements of a strong writing
style with correct grammar,
punctuation, usage, and
spelling.